A mandala (emphasis on the first syllables; Sanskrit मण्डल, de – literally “Circle “) is a spiritual and ritual symbol in the Indian religions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism that represent the universe. In common use, “Mandala ” has become a generic term for any diagram, graph, or geometric pattern that represents the cosmos metapphyfísicamente or symbolically; A microcosm of the universe.
The basic form of most mandalas is a square with four doors that contain a circle with a central point. Each door is in the general form of a T. Mandalas often have radial equilibrium.
The term appears in the Rigveda as the name of the sections of the work, and the Vedic rituals use mandalas like the mandala of Navagraha until today. Mandalas are also used in Buddhism.
In various spiritual traditions, mandalas can be used to focus the attention of practitioners and adherents, as a tool of spiritual guidance, to establish a sacred space and to help meditation and trance induction.
Circular diagrams are often used in phylogenetics, especially for the graphical representation of phylogenetic relationships. Evolutionary trees often encompass innumerable species that are conveniently displayed in a circular tree, with images of the species displayed on the periphery of a tree. These diagrams were called phylogenetic mandalas
Mandalas can be found in the primitive Buddhist art of the 14th and 15th centuries.
The fashion designer Mandali Mendrilla designed an interactive artistic installation called Mandala desires (Blue Lotus will tree) made in peace silk and eco-friendly textile, exhibited at the China Museum of Art in Shanghai on November 2015. The dress pattern was based on the Goka Yantra mandala, in lotus form with eight petals. Visitors were invited to put a wish on the sculpture dress, which will be taken to India and offered a tree of genuine desire life.